In the nineteen-sixties, Joseph Weizenbaum, a computer scientist at M.I.T., created a computer program called Eliza. It was designed to simulate Rogerian therapy, in which the patient directs the conversation and the therapist often repeats her language back to her:
User: My boyfriend made me come here.
Eliza: Your boyfriend made you come here.
User: He says I’m depressed much of the time.
Eliza: I am sorry to hear you are depressed.
User: It’s true. I am unhappy.
Eliza: Do you think coming here will help you not to be unhappy?
Weizenbaum made Eliza as satire. He doubted that computers could simulate meaningful human interaction. He wa...
Join eMHIC to read more...
Our Knowledge Bank is available to eMHIC Members, and filled with exclusive articles on thought provoking and ground breaking subject matters. We are continually updating it in line with the rapidly evolving health industry, and the ever-changing requirements of mental health practices as we navigate the pandemic as a planet. To access these articles in full, please login or join us.